450 North Bedford Dr. Suite 101 Beverly Hills
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Contact our Beverly Hills practice to find out more about the alternatives to laser eye surgery available through Dr. Peter Cornell and Dr. Stuart Stoll.
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Eye Diseases Beverly Hills
REFRACTIVE ERRORS OF THE EYE:
In order to see clearly, the "normal" eye is designed to focus images clearly onto the retina. This focusing power is a combination of the front surface layer of the eye, the cornea, the lens of the eye, located inside the eye, and the length of the eye. If these three elements are not in perfect relationship to each other, then the eye may not focus images on the retina, leading to blurry vision. The four main reasons that a healthy eye may have blurry vision are myopia, astigmatism, hyperopia, and presbyopia.
Myopia, or nearsightedness, is the condition when the distance between the cornea and the retina is too long, and the image formed by a distant object falls into focus in front of the retina, causing blurred vision in the distance. Myopia may be mild (-1 to -4), moderate (-4 to -10), or severe (more than -10).
Astigmatism occurs because the cornea is curved more in one direction than the other direction, so that it is shaped like the back of a teaspoon. With astigmatism, images at all distances will be blurry.
Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is the condition when the distance between the cornea and the retina is too short, and the image formed falls into focus behind the retina, causing blurred vision. Because the youthful lens inside the eye can make up the additional power needed to focus images on the retina, many people who are farsighted do not have blurry vision until their lens ages.
Presbyopia is the normal aging change inside the eye whereby the lens inside the eye loses the ability to accommodate, or to change focus from the distance to close up. Presbyopia is the reason that people over the age of forty typically need reading glasses.
Blepharitis is a common, chronic and persistent inflammation of the eyelids which causes irritation, burning, itching and a low grade discharge. Blepharitis combines a low grade staph bacterial infection of the glands at the edge of the eyelid with gland dysfunction, causing thicker irritating gland secretions. Blepharitis can be a stubborn, but non-vision threatening problem. It can be controlled through a regular program of eyelid hygiene.
For more information on Blepharitis and its treatment, please click on the link below:
Dry eyes, also known as Keratitis Sicca, occur when your tears are unable to provide sufficient moisture for your eyes. There are numerous reasons why your Tears can be inadequate. For instance, dry eyes may occur if you produce poor-quality tears or you don't produce enough tears. Read about a revolutionary new treatment for Dry Eye by clicking here
When tears do not effectively lubricate the eye, you may experience the following symptoms:
- A gritty sensation
- Light sensitivity
- Blurring of vision
- A feeling of a foreign body or sand in the eye
Many times, a person who has dry eye will have an excess of tears running down their cheeks. Although this may be confusing, it occurs because the eye is not getting sufficient lubrication
For more information on Dry Eyes and Treatment Options, please click on the link below:
Glaucoma is a silent disease in which the pressure in your eye becomes too high for your optic nerve to tolerate. Typically, Glaucoma is a disease which progresses slowly over months or years and is actually a combination of a number of different diseases.
Types of Glaucoma:
1. Open Angle Glaucoma:The most common form of glaucoma is open angle glaucoma. In this common form of glaucoma, the pressure inside the eye is too high for that individual person’s optic nerve and causes a very slow, painless, and symptom free damage to the optic nerve, thereby initially affecting the peripheral vision, and if undetected, can eventually affect the central vision.
Because of the lack of symptoms, the only way to diagnose glaucoma is with a comprehensive ophthalmologic examination. Important risk factors for glaucoma include family history of glaucoma, increasing age, Afro-American heritage, history of ocular injury, or a history of topical eye drop steroid use. The diagnosis and ongoing evaluation of glaucoma requires regular examinations of the pressure in the eye, the appearance of the optic nerve, including nerve fiber layer analysis, and the function of the optic nerve as measured by a formal visual field test, which is a test of peripheral vision. All of the technology needed to complete these examinations, including the Humphrey Visual Field machine and Ocular Coherence Tomography (OCT), is available in Beverly Hills at our office.
The treatment of open angle glaucoma includes the option of medicated glaucoma eye drops, laser treatment (Argon or Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty), the iStent, and in more severe cases, glaucoma surgery. With early detection and prompt and effective treatment, glaucoma damage can be prevented in the vast majority of patients.
2. Narrow Angle Glaucoma: Another form of glaucoma is narrow angle glaucoma, a mechanical form of glaucoma with a sudden rapid increase of pressure in the eye that causes severe pain, redness, and blurred vision -- often with halos -- that needs to be treated immediately in order to preserve vision. Glaucoma eyedrops, laser treatment (YAG Peripheral Iridotomy), and in more severe cases, surgery are available at the Beverly Hills LASIK Center. However, we believe that with early detection and prompt and effective treatment, glaucoma damage can be prevented in the vast majority of patients.
For a list of things you can do to help mitigate Glaucoma risk & directions on how to properly use Glaucoma drops, please click on the link below:
For more information on the iStent, please click on the link below:
If you would like to schedule a consultation with our practice, contact us about glaucoma today. We are happy to serve Los Angeles, Beverly Hills, and Santa Monica area patients.
Macular Degeneration is a leading cause of blindness in the United States. This disease is the result of an aging process in the retina, the inside lining of the back of the eye. The central retina is called the macula, hence the name macular degeneration. This disease includes a wide range of age-related changes in the back of the eye, from patients with 20/20 vision that have age-related deposits called drusen, to patients who lose all of their central vision. Patients with macular degeneration never go completely blind from this disease, as they retain their peripheral vision, but they can become legally blind.
The disease occurs in two primary forms, dry macular degeneration and wet macular degeneration. The primary treatment for dry macular degeneration is prevention, including not smoking, wearing ultraviolet blocking sunglasses, eating a diet rich in beta carotene, and for patients facing a higher risk, or who have macular degeneration, taking a vitamin supplement as recommended by the AREDS study can be helpful. Patients can also be helped with low vision aids and by making sure that the rest of the eye is functioning as well as possible.
A more rare form of macular degeneration is called wet macular degeneration because there is bleeding deep to the retina. This form can sometimes be treated with laser or surgery, and is usually noticed with a sudden area of distortion in the near central vision. If you have such an area of distortion, you should see your ophthalmologist or a retina specialist as soon as possible.
Furthermore, we may provide patients with an Amsler Grid. It is a simple test that you should take on a daily basis to monitor changes due to Age Related Macular Degeneration. Most patients find it a convenient to post the Amsler Grid by their door or on their refrigerator to remind them to take the test daily.
For the Amsler Grid and Instructions for use, please click on the following link:
The Amsler Grid is a simple test that you should take on a daily basis to monitor changes due to Age Related Macular Degeneration. Most patients find it a convenient to post the Amsler Grid by their door or on their refrigerator to remind them to take the test daily.
Our practice is happy to answer any questions our patients have about macular degeneration, glaucoma, or cataract surgery. Santa Monica, Los Angeles, and Beverly Hills area patients can contact the Beverly Hills LASIK Center today to schedule a consultation with our surgeons.
For more information on Macular Degeneration and Vitamin Supplementation, please click on the link below
RETINAL DETACHMENT AND TEAR:
The retina is the critical inside lining to the back of the eye that senses light and sends images to the brain. Occasionally, people develop a tear in the retina or the retina actually becomes detached from the inside of the eye. If this happens, it’s not an immediate emergency to call 911 or to panic about. It is important to be seen within the first 24 – 48 hours if you have any significant symptoms of a retinal detachment or tear.
It is important to be aware of the following symptoms:
Flashing lights – These are usually described as small flashes of light located in one eye only. The flashes of light usually persist in one location. They are different from an ophthalmic migraine. When people have the acute onset of flashing lights, often multicolored lights, they can last for 15 – 45 minutes at a time then go away completely.
Floaters – Most people have a few floaters in their vision now and then. The types of floaters that usually indicate a problem with the retina occur with a sudden appearance of many floaters (usually tens or hundreds). These are small dots in either eye.
Curtain – This is the most serious of retinal symptoms and will show a partial curtain or shadow that may block the vision in one eye.
If you have any of these classic symptoms, you may have a retinal problem; you should be evaluated within 24 – 48 hours. These symptoms will rarely be subtle, but any symptoms of flashes of light, change in floaters or a curtain effect that does not match the above symptoms, should be discussed with your ophthalmologist as soon as possible.
For more information on Vitreous Detachments, please click on the link below:
The vitreous is a jelly-like substance between the lens and the retina that makes up most of the volume of the eye. Usually the vitreous gel is loosely attached to the surface of the retina. However, the vitreous can detach or separate from the retina by condensing or collapsing. This separation of the vitreous is a normal event that will happen to most people.
What are the symptoms of a vitreous detachment?
Sometimes this happens slowly and it is hardly noticed. Often there are flashes of light and the appearance of the floaters in the vision. Whenever the retina is stimulated, it records this as light falling on the retina – hence the flashes. The floaters represent condensations of protein that once were near the surface of the retina. With the collapse of the vitreous gel, clumps of this protein are suspended in front of the retina, causing a shadow to be cast on the light sensitive retina by light entering the eye.
Is it dangerous? Is it related to retinal detachment?
Vitreous detachment in itself is not a threat to vision. Sometimes, however, if the vitreous is more strongly attached to the retina in one or more locations, the retina can be torn when the vitreous gel collapses. If a retinal tear occurs, fluid from the vitreous cavity can move through the tear, separating the retina from the other layers of the eye and causing a retinal detachment, a dangerous condition requiring surgery.
For more information on Vitreous Detachments, please click on the link below: